Federica Morgherini responds to IU on the situation of Saharawi political prisoners

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PUSL.- Federica Morgherini, the EU High Representative for Foreign Policy and Security, replied in writing to the questions put by the Spanish MEP, Paloma Lopez, of Izquierda Unida on the situation of Sahrawi political prisoners in the Gdeim Izik Group.

Lopez had presented in the last months of 2018 two questions about the risk situation of the Saharawi political detainees held in Tiflet2, Morocco.

The four members of the Gdeim Izik group have been in prolonged confinement for over a year and have been victims of ill-treatment and intentional medical malpractice, have carried out several hunger strikes and their case has been widely denounced not only to the European Union but also to the United Nations mechanisms.

The two questions concerning Sidi Abdallah Abbahah, Mohamed Bourial, Mohamed Lamin Haddi and El Bachir Khadda were:

Question for written answer E-005408/2018 / rev.1

…. “Knowing that confinement in inhuman conditions of isolation is contrary to international law (Rule 17 of the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners):

1) Does the Vice-President / High Representative want to continue to ignore these human rights violations?

Does the Commission consider that it can defend the commercial dialogue with an internationally exposed regime as a torturer?

Question for written answer E-005407/2018 / rev.1

…. “1) Does the Vice-President / High Representative know about these practices with which the Kingdom of Morocco attacks the most basic human rights?

(2) The United Nations Committee against Torture has reported cases of torture and violations of international law. Are there exceptions applicable to the Kingdom of Morocco so that the European Union does not condemn these practices against Saharawi prisoners? “

Federica Morgherini replied in two letters with a typical standard reply she has used over the years, published at the end of this article. The second reply however, sent on January 7 of this year states that:

According to Article 2 of the EU-Morocco Association Agreement, respect for democratic principles and human rights is an essential element of the Agreement. The EU therefore regularly expresses its human rights concerns, in particular at the meetings of the human rights subcommittee and democratic principles established under the Agreement.

Morocco is in clear violation of human rights with regard to Saharawi political prisoners, but is only “informed of the concerns” without suffering any consequences and still enjoying large sums of money , as answered by Morgherini “Through the EU budget, the Union supports institutions and civil society organizations with the aim of strengthening the judicial system in Morocco in accordance with the Moroccan Constitution of 2011. “

Morgherini goes on to say that the information about the prisoners comes through the CNDH (National Council of Human Rights of Morocco) and a Saharawi association legalized and recognized by Morocco. The CNDH is considered by Amnesty International a body with lack of independence as can be read in the report of 2018 “… The fact that the CNDH’s president and at least nine of its 27 members are appointed by the King of Morocco is a threat to its independence and impartiality .“[1]

It is therefore surprising that Frederica Morgherini seems to have only “reactive” information since the situation of political prisoners is only mentioned when there are written or oral questions in the European Parliament presented by MEPs and that the answers take months, certainly due to the fact that “monitoring the situation” by the CNDH and other sources used by Morgherini seems to be clearly deficient.

EN

E-005408/2018

Answer by Vice-President Mogherini

on behalf of the European Commission

(22.12.2018)

The EU has been very attentive to the situation of prisoners of Gdeim Izik.

The EU Delegation in Rabat was an observer in the civil process. In addition, the representatives of the EU Delegation in Rabat meet periodically with the National Human Rights Council to monitor the sanitary and general conditions of detention of prisoners of Gdeim Izik. Meetings were held on this subject with civil society organizations and in particular with the Saharawi Association of Victims of Serious Violations of Human Rights.

Democracy and human rights are important elements of the EU’s external communication and its dialogue with partner countries, including Morocco. To prevent and eradicate all forms of torture and ill-treatment around the world. The regular political framework is characterized as a Moroccan law, the EU systematically expresses its problem with alleged cases of ill-treatment and with impunity. Through its budget, the European Union also subsidizes civil society in Morocco with the aim of strengthening the judicial system in accordance with the rules set out in the Moroccan Constitution of 2011.

The EU will support the efforts of the United Nations Secretary-General to develop a political solution to ensure the independence and independence of the parties, which addresses the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara. make a Charter of the United Nations.

EN

E-005407/2018

Answer by Vice-President Mogherini

on behalf of the European Commission

(7.1.2019)

The European Union is closely following the situation of prisoners of “Gdeim Izik”.

The EU delegation in Rabat was present as an observer in the civil process and representatives of the delegation hold regular meetings with the National Human Rights Council on the health and conditions of detention of prisoners of “Gdeim Izik”. Meetings were also held with civil society organizations, mainly with the Saharawi Association for Serious Violations of Human Rights. In Mr. Khadda’s case, reports indicate that he suspended the hunger strike that he began on September 18, 2018.

Democracy and human rights are essential components of EU foreign policy. In its regular contacts with the Moroccan authorities, the EU is constantly concerned about alleged cases of ill-treatment and impunity. Through the EU budget, the Union supports institutions and civil society organizations, with the aim of strengthening the judicial system in Morocco, in line with the Moroccan Constitution of 2011.

The EU would like to recall its support for the efforts of the United Nations Secretary-General to reach a just, lasting and acceptable political solution for both sides, including self-determination of the people of Western Sahara under agreements compatible with the principles and objectives of the Charter of the United Nations.

According to Article 2 of the EU-Morocco Association Agreement, respect for democratic principles and human rights is an essential element of the Agreement. The EU therefore regularly expresses its human rights concerns, in particular at the meetings of the human rights subcommittee and democratic principles established under the Agreement.

[1] https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE2992252018ENGLISH.pdf