Emboirik Ahmed – Representative of Polisario Front in Brazil
globo.com.- In an article on the situation in the Saharawi Republic, the Moroccan ambassador to Brazil, Mr. Nabil Adghoghi, sets out arguments that create confusion and can lead readers to serious errors of appreciation. He denies that the Saharawi issue is, in essence, an unfinished decolonization process, based on United Nations Resolution 1514, of 1960, which determines the granting of independence to colonized countries and peoples.
Since France and Spain granted independence to Morocco in 1956, that country has remained an iron wall against the right of the countries of the region to self-determination, due to the policy of “Greater Morocco”, which converted the Moroccan monarchy into a dangerous instability factor in northwest Africa.
Algeria was the victim of an unwarranted invasion of Morocco in 1962, shortly after its independence. The so-called “sand war” had hundreds of deaths on both sides. Morocco was supported by the childish argument that a third of Algerian territory belonged to it. Mauritania achieved independence in 1960, but was not recognized by Morocco until 1969, under the pretext that the entire territory of that immense country was historically part of the Alawite kingdom. The whole of northern Mali was also a victim of Moroccan expansionism.
To conquer Western Sahara, Morocco consulted the International Court of Justice in The Hague, intending to change the nature of the issue, from political to legal. The Court’s decision left no doubt: ”The Court concluded that there are no territorial sovereignty ties between Morocco and Western Sahara, therefore it has not proved that there are links capable of modifying Resolution 1514, in particular the application of the principle of free determination through the free and authentic expression of the will of the people of the territory ”.
Even so, Morocco invaded the Saharawi territory in October 1975, causing a 16-year war, with thousands of dead and hundreds of missing and prisoners. Currently, more than fifty Saharawi political prisoners are in jail in Rabat, eight of them sentenced to life in prison for manipulating evidence and false accusations. Moroccan settlers were taken to occupied areas in Western Sahara to change demographics and to deploy a brutal apparatus of ideological control over Saharawis. A 2700 km wall divides Western Sahara from north to south and is protected by more than 100,000 Moroccan soldiers and six million mines.
The question of Western Sahara is one of decolonization, yes, and so it is inscribed on the UN agenda and that of its Security Council. The agreement signed by the Moroccan government and the Polisario Front in September 1991 cannot be understood in any other way, by which a cease-fire between the parties and the creation of Minurso, the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, was decreed. .
High-level meetings were held between the Polisario Front and the Moroccan government in New York, Berlin, Lisbon and Geneva to carry out the referendum so that Saharawis can decide on their self-determination. All annual Security Council resolutions ask both parties for a solution, through a referendum that has been postponed since 1992.
As the Saharawi Minister of Foreign Affairs expressed, attempting to confiscate the inalienable right of the Saharawi people by introducing linguistic expressions and juggling such as “realism”, “compromise solution”, “credibility,” “seriousness”, only leads to additional confrontations and greater tension in the region. To find a solution, Morocco has to allow Minurso to do its job, especially since no country, including Brazil, recognizes Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara.
Perhaps this is how Morocco will lay the foundation stone for a policy of peace and cooperation, in contrast to its dangerous policy of strategic instability.