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PUSL.- On Monday, April 13, 2020, the Golden Bonnie docked in the port of Santos in Brazil, carrying a cargo of phosphate from the occupied territories of Western Sahara, illegally extracted and exported by the Moroccan state company OCP.

OCP has been operating in Brazil for ten years where it markets the phosphate and supplies to various fertilizer companies. According to information collected on the OCP website, the company is the largest phosphate supplier in Brazil, representing 40% of Brazilian imports of this product.

Since the occupation of the Spanish Sahara (province 53 of Spain) in 1975 by Morocco, the Moroccan government illegally exploits the natural resources of this territory in a clear violation of international law.

Morocco’s occupation of Western Sahara is illegal in the eyes of international law and Morocco has no sovereign ties as reaffirmed by the International Court of Haya, the numerous United Nations resolutions, the African Union and the recent dictates of the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Western Sahara remains on the United Nations’ list of non-autonomous territories awaiting decolonization.

Brazil, known for its savage exploitation of its natural resources and allowing third parties to seize resources, will certainly not be sensitive to the case of Western Sahara, nor to the violations of international law.

Loads of phosphates from OCP were seized in South Africa and Panama where legal action prevented Morocco from enjoying the profit of the stolen resource.

Although Morocco is the largest exporter of Phosphates in the world and has had enormous economic benefits from the theft of this natural resource from Western Sahara, profits have declined in the past year and new obstacles may lie ahead.

The importance of phosphate as a nutrient has been essential, but the excessive use of phosphate causes contamination of water systems, causing damage in the form of widespread algae proliferation and unsafe water conditions. Due to the use of phosphate in agriculture worldwide, the threat of water damage due to nutrient pollution is a global concern.

The use of phosphate as a fertilizer in modern agricultural practices has significantly put pressure on the global phosphate supply. This fact, combined with the increasing pollution of water systems, created the need for alternatives that provide the necessary nutrients to feed a growing global population. Sustainable alternatives to phosphate are expected to become essential for future agricultural practices.

Innovative energy companies are starting to develop new sources of nutrients for crops in the form of organic fertilizers.

EarthRenew (CSE: ERTH) has developed a patented production process that converts livestock waste into slow-release, nutrient-rich organic fertilizer.

According to Keith Driver, President of EarthRenew. “The conversion of these materials into stable and high-value fertilizers provides the necessary economic incentive for these nutrients to be sold for use in soils and cultivation systems that are deficient in nutrients. The alternative will cause these raw fertilizers to be applied locally to the source cattle, due to the lack of economic incentive to do the opposite. “