The President of the Republic and Secretary General of the POLISARIO Front, Mr. Brahim Ghali, in a letter sent to the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Gueteres, calls for the immediate intervention of the UN to force the occupying Moroccan State to put an end to its actions and illegal activities in Western Sahara, including the elections that Rabat intends to organize in the territory next month.
Mr. Secretary General,
The occupying State of Morocco intends to include the Occupied Territories of Western Sahara in the Moroccan legislative elections scheduled for the first half of September 2021.
The Polisario Front, the only legitimate representative of the Saharawi people, and the Government of the Saharawi Republic (SADR) condemn and firmly reject this illegal process as an absolute violation of the legal status of Western Sahara as a non-autonomous territory pending a decolonization process under the responsibility of the United Nations.
The Moroccan presence in Western Sahara is an illegal military occupation, as stated by the UN General Assembly in its resolutions 34/37 of 1979 and 35/19 of 1980, among others. Therefore, all actions taken by the occupying Moroccan State, whether political or not, are essentially colonial practices imposed by force and therefore have no legitimacy and cannot have any effect on the legal status of Western Sahara.
The POLISARIO Front recalls that, in accordance with Security Council resolution 690 (1991) and subsequent resolutions, the mandate of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) is to hold a free and fair referendum on the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara.
Therefore, the only act to which the Saharawi people must be summoned at this time is through the ballots in a referendum of self-determination organized under the supervision of the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of the UN-OAU Plan of Agreement which was accepted by both parties in conflict, the POLISARIO Front and Morocco, and approved by the UN Security Council in its relevant resolutions.
The holding of elections in the Occupied Territories of Western Sahara, over which Morocco has no sovereignty, is an exercise that we vehemently reject because it seeks to forcibly involve Saharawi citizens in a process that does not affect them, organized by an illegal military occupation with a history of serious violations fundamental human rights of the Saharawi people.
Mr. Secretary General;
For nearly three decades, we have remained committed to a peaceful solution and exercised the utmost restraint to safeguard the ceasefire, despite the continuing provocations and destabilizing actions of the occupying Moroccan state and its persistent attempts to impose a fait accompli by force in the Territories of the occupied Western Sahara.
In this regard, we can cite just a few of the serious infringements committed by the occupying Moroccan State, against which the United Nations and MINURSO have always chosen to close their eyes or ignore it: the ongoing repression against Saharawi civilians who are human rights activists; modification of the demographic nature of the Territory through intensive settlement policies; plundering our natural resources; opening of so-called “consulates” of foreign states; holding elections, international conferences and sporting events; and the imposition of Moroccan laws and jurisdictions throughout the Territory, including its maritime space.
As we have underlined on several occasions, it is the absence of a solid, unequivocal and firm position on the part of the United Nations Secretariat and the Security Council regarding Morocco’s contempt for its mandate and for the decisions of the United Nations on Western Sahara that encouraged the occupying state to persist, with complete impunity, in actions so illicit and reckless that they are jeopardizing peace, security and stability throughout the region.
Consequently, since 13 November 2020, the Territory of Western Sahara has witnessed very serious events due to Morocco’s violation of the 1991 ceasefire and related military agreements, as well as its aggression in the Liberated Territory of the Sahara, the
collapse of the ceasefire and the outbreak of war again in the region.
Faced with the new act of Moroccan aggression, which continues with total impunity, we had no choice but to exercise our right to legitimate defense. In this regard, we reiterate that as long as we maintain our commitment to a genuine and lasting peace based on the precepts of international legality, we will never renounce our inalienable and non-negotiable right to self-determination and independence, and we will continue to use all legitimate means to defend our rights and the sovereignty of our country.
The United Nations’ deafening inaction and silence in the face of Morocco’s continued illegal military occupation of parts of Western Sahara is what encouraged the occupying state to persist in its illegal and reckless actions that could have the most serious consequences for peace and security and stability throughout the region.
Therefore, we ask that you intervene immediately and take all necessary measures in accordance with the authority given to you by the Charter of the United Nations and the relevant decisions of the UN to compel the occupying State of Morocco to terminate its illicit and provocative actions and activities in the Saharawi occupied territories and preserve the territory’s legal status as a cardinal component of the United Nations’ responsibility for Western Sahara and the decolonization of the last colony of Africa.
I would be grateful if you would take this letter to the attention of the members of the Security Council.
Please accept, Mr. Secretary General, the assurance of my highest consideration.
President of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic and General Sec. of the Polisario Front.