The Frente POLISARIO entered with the registry of the Court of Justice of the European Union an action for annulment against the decision of 28th January 2019, whereby the European Union concluded an association agreement with Morocco, deciding that this agreement would apply also to the territory of Western Sahara.
In its judgment of 21st December 2016, the CJEU ruled that Morocco and Western Sahara were two distinct and separate territories, and that there could be economic activity on the territory only with the consent of the people of Western Sahara. These principles were confirmed by two judgments of 2018, concerning fishing and airspace.
The POLISARIO Front had immediately demonstrated to negotiate the agreements necessary for the development of the territory, in compliance with the decisions of the CJEU. European leaders have made another choice. As the Court said that there could be no “de facto application”, they imagined a “law enforcement” mechanism, inventing an explicit process of extending the EU agreement / MOROCCO on the territory of Western Sahara. This is a serious violation of the principle of sovereignty. Read more
PUSL .- Izquierda Unida has released a press statement today in which it characterizes the response of the European Commission (EC) as cynical. The response in question is related to on the question put forward by the MEP Paloma Lopez of this political party asking whether the EC condemns the Moroccan action when trying to legitimize the occupation of Western Sahara, with the appropriation of Dakhla as a Moroccan city, or its attitude towards the constant breach of the agreements of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) on fisheries matters. These questions where put forward last October on the occasion of the participation of the company Atlas Pelagic, based in the Saharawi city of Dakhla, in the Fair of Frozen Products of Vigo (Conxemar).
Atlas Pelagic, a Moroccan company dedicated to plundering the natural resources of Western Sahara, which represents a violation of the judgments of the European Court of Justice, which has expressed in three rulings that Western Sahara is not a Territory subject to the sovereignty of Morocco. “It is intolerable to continue seeing cases of Moroccan companies that take advantage of the plundering of the natural resources of Western Sahara, becoming accomplices of an illegitimate military occupation by participating in the sacking of the Saharawi people,” said the national coordinator of the United Left, Eva Solla. Read more
PUSL – [BRUSSELS, JANUARY 23] The European Parliament’s Fisheries Committee approved today the EU-Morocco fisheries agreement which includes the maritime area of Western Sahara. The Commission in no way respects the judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) of February 2018, in which it is explicit that such an agreement could not be applied to Western Sahara. The agreement was approved with 17 votes in favor, 7 against and 2 abstentions.
Parliament’s Plenary (all MEPs) will have to make the final vote on 13 February.
Following the disastrous vote on the EU / Morocco trade agreement, which also violates the CJEU rulings, there seems to be no intention of European politicians to respect international law or it’s own court. Read more
lavanguardia.com.- The Polisario Front decided to denounce again before the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJUE) the trade agreement between Morocco and the European Union approved last Wednesday by the European Parliament, to include Sahrawi territories.
In a statement released today by the official news agency SPS, the Polisario warned that the battle for the preservation of the Saharawi natural resources “will be a factor of decisive pressure on the Moroccan occupier.”
“The battle will be fought in the judicial and executive bodies of Europe, which does not recognize the supposed sovereignty of Morocco over Western Sahara, as stated in its latest decision on the illegal trade agreement between Morocco and the EU,” the Polisario stressed. Read more
LOPEZ BERMEJO Paloma
PUSL.- Statement on the vote regarding Schaake (A8-0471 / 2018) EU-Morocco Agreement on the amendment of Protocols 1 and 4 of the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement
I voted against this report because it fails to comply with the rulings of the CJEU regarding the recognition of Western Sahara as an independent territory of Morocco and the necessary consent of the Saharawi people on the use of their resources.
The abuse has been repeated. The Saharawi people are again victims of an illegal decision about their territory and resources. This agreement also violates the Council’s negotiating mandate to the Commission on respect for EU principles and Human Rights. Endorsing this agreement that violates International Law, the EU is delegitimized by interfering in the peace process and the resolution of the conflict in the terms established in the resolutions of the United Nations. Read more
Vote at the Strasbourg plenary session on the EU-Morocco agreement on the amendment of Protocols 1 and 4 to the Euro-Mediterranean Agreement
Ana Gomes (Socialist Party – Portugal)
I voted against this agreement. In consciousness. The right of self-determination of the people of Western Sahara is not negotiable in exchange for political-economic advantages. I support that Morocco benefits from a privileged partnership with the EU, but not at the expense of the rights of the Saharawi people.
The EU must respect International Law and the negotiation process within the framework of the United Nations. By approving this agreement, the European Union institutions violate the International Law and disrespect the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU). The CJEU has explicitly stated that the consent of the people of the Sahara is necessary.
It is unacceptable to confuse the “people” with the “population”, which also includes Moroccan settlers. Morocco has no legitimacy to represent the Saharawi people and the EU cannot agree with Morocco on the interests of the Saharawi people. Read more
PUSL.- Attached is the list of the votes on the Association Agreement between the European Union and the Kingdom of Morocco which took place this week.
PUSL found it necessary to publish the exhaustive list of Members by political group and country because of the serious consequences of this vote.
Regardless of personal or partisan opinion on the Western Sahara conflict, there was a decision by the Court of Justice of the European Union which was very clear as to the illegality of the inclusion of the territory of Western Sahara without the consent of the Saharawi People in the now-voted EU-Morocco agreement.
In fact, it was not only a judgment but three (links below) which thus joined the resolutions of the United Nations, the African Union, the Hague Tribunal and several international tribunals. Read more
PUSL.- The European Parliament approved today an amendment to the trade liberalization agreement between the European Union and Morocco in order to extend to Western Sahara the preferential treatment accorded to Moroccan products in clear disregard for the judgment of December 2016 of the Court of Justice of the The European Union (CJEU), which upheld a complaint by the Polisario Front (legitimate representative of the Saharawi people) and considered that the agreement concluded with Morocco – which came into force in 2013 – did not provide a legal basis for the inclusion of Western Sahara since the territory is distinct and separate from Morocco and therefore could not apply to this territory except with the consent of the Saharawi people.
In the clear intention of disregarding the judgment, the EU Council then gave the European Commission a mandate to change the liberalization agreement by means of an unwarranted maneuver and a “free” interpretation, changing the meaning of the judgment. To that end, the term “saharawi people” is replaced by the term “local population”, which includes the Moroccan settlers introduced by the occupying state after the invasion of the non-self-governing territory in 1975. The aim was to establish the appearance of a legal base that would allow the saharawi products the treatment and benefits applied by the EU to Moroccan products. The plunder of the Saharawi resources by Morocco is so significant that it justifies and finances a massive military presence in the occupied territories and the maintenance of the world’s largest separation wall (2720km). Read more
Shame on the European Parliament: the Comission on International Trade adopts a report tainted by a blatant conflict of interest
[STRASBOURG, 10 DECEMBER 2018] –Today, in Strasbourg, the INTA committee of the European Parliament, responsible for international trade, has adopted the report presented by Mrs Lalonde for the extension of the agricultural agreement concluded between the European Union and Morocco to the Territory of Western Sahara.
Commenting on the vote, Mohamed Sidati, the EU Representative of Frente POLISARIO, stated ‘”In a shameful decision the European Parliament adopted a report whose author was forced to resign before its adoption due to blatant compromission and conflict of interest”
“The Frente POLISARIO deplores this vote which marks a step further in the will of European leaders to override the clear and precise terms of court decisions. While on all sides’ European leaders recall that Europe is based on the law and that respect for the law is the basis of democracy, it is still striking for the Frente POLISARIO, who has seized the European justice, to see these same politicians joining forces to circumvent the EU court decision. Read more
PUSL.- The European Parliament’s International Trade Commission (INTA), which paid a visit from the 2nd to 5th of September , published its report in which it omitted data from the meetings held with the Saharawi associations in El Aaiun and did not mention the demonstration by the Saharawi population which took place during the visit and whose dispersion by the Moroccan occupation authorities resulted in several injured among the demonstrators.
They also “forgot” to mention several Saharawi associations with whom they had gathered, choosing to say “and other representatives”. In the report submitted by the 3 INTA members, there is also the name of an activist who was not even in the occupied territories on September 4 between 3.10 and 4 pm when the delegation claims to have met him, the activist at that time was in Granada, Spain according to photos published on facebook.
According to reports by activists from various associations who met at the Hotel Parador in El Aaiun with the EP delegation, everyone clearly reaffirmed to the delegation that the legitimate representative of the Saharawi population is the Polisario Front, another fact that was “forgotten”. Read more
PUSL interviewed the Vice-President of CODAPSO, Mr Hmad Hmad, on the recent visit on 4 September of the European Union delegation to the occupied territories of Western Sahara. The purpose of the visit was to “consult” the population on whether or not it benefited from the EU / Morocco agreements for the exploitation and marketing of natural products and natural resources of this non-autonomous territory occupied militarily since 1975 by Morocco. We recall that the Court of Justice of the European Union in two judgments found that Western Sahara is a separate and distinct territory from Morocco and can not be included in the agreements. A legal victory for the Polisario Front, the legitimate representative of the Saharawi people with international organizations and the UN.
PUSL: What was the purpose of the visit of this EU delegation to the occupied territories?
Hmad: This delegation from the European Union said it wanted to “consult” the Saharawi population on whether or not we had any benefit from the exploitation by Morocco and foreign companies of the vast natural resources of this non-autonomous territory.
A rhetorical question, since the EU is aware that the Saharawi population does not enjoy anything. We denounce daily the various violations of human rights, apartheid in which we live politically, socially and economically, and we must not forget that the Saharawi population is not only in the occupied territories, our families are also in the refugee camps near Tindouf, Algeria, on the other side of the military separation Wall erected by Morocco, they not only do not enjoy anything as have have been dependent on humanitarian aid since 1975. Read more