PUSL.- UNITED NATIONS – The UN’s internal supervisory body published in a report (https://undocs.org/en/A/74/305(PartII) on UN peace operations that the number of fraud cases it has decided to investigate last year has increased by almost 80% compared to 2018, while the number of cases of sexual exploitation and abuse has increased by 40%.
The 2019 report by the UN Office of Internal Oversight Services, which circulated last Friday, discloses that the largest number of cases investigated occurred in the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic, followed by peace maintenance operations in Mali, Congo, Western Sahara and South Sudan.
According to the report, of the 249 investigations, 44 cases involved the peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic, 36 in Mali, 35 in Congo, 33 in Western Sahara and 30 in South Sudan, sixteen related to the UN political mission in Afghanistan and another 55 involved 18 other peacekeeping operations.
In Western Sahara, investigations included conduct prohibited by an official and a military observer and medical insurance fraud by a UN official.
BIR LAHLOU – Saharawi Liberated Territories – APS
The Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) and the Polisario Front welcomed, on Friday, the joint statement released by the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN), in which the two organizations reiterated their adherence to international legality in the Western Sahara.
The Polisario Front and the Saharawi Republic stated that the joint declaration made by the two organizations “in the current circumstances and three decades after the signing of both AU and UN peace agreements in 1991, underlines that a fair, and definitive permanent agreement cannot exist without the exercise of the Saharawi people to their inalienable right to self-determination and independence, in accordance with international law that classifies the issue of Western Sahara in its legal structure as a matter of decolonization.”
Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), February 10, 2020 (SPS) – President of the Republic, Secretary General of the Polisario Front, Brahim Gali, has met with the United Nations Secretary General, Mr. António Guterres, at the request of the latter as part of the official consultations between the Saharawi party and the United Nations.
During the meeting held on the sidelines of the 33rd Summit of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, President Brahim Ghali transferred to the UN Secretary General the firm position of the Polisario Front’s firm position on the UN peace process in Western Sahara, stressing that the Sahrawi people have lost their confidence in the UN and its mission deployed in the territory to end the decolonization process, confirming that the Sahrawi party will not take part in any process that does not respect the inalienable right of the Sahrawi people to self-determination and independence, as required by the resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council.
For his part, Mr. Guterres expressed the commitment of the UN to work to advance the political process in Western Sahara, expressing his hope to appoint a personal envoy in the shortest possible time.
WSRW.- Namibia and East-Timor have today recommended Spain to respect the Saharawi people’s right to free, prior and informed consent with regard to the exploitation of Western Sahara’s natural resources.
This article is under construction and will be updated throughout the course of the day.
Spain today went through its third Universal Periodic Review; a peer review by other UN Member States of the country’s human rights slate.
Namibia and East Timor took the opportunity to raise their concerns on Spain’s involvement in the taking of Western Sahara’s natural resources, and recommended Spain to respect the international framework on Business and Human Rights, and as such, to respect the right to free, prior and informed consent of the Saharawi people to the taking of their homeland’s resources.
During Spain’s two previous UPR reviews in 2010 and 2015, not a single State addressed Spain’s continued responsibility vis-à-vis Western Sahara.
PUSL.- In a letter addressed to UN secretary General, the Saharawi president Brahim Ghali urges the UN to take steps for the closure of the illegal breach in the buffer strip in the area of Guerguerat, a clear violation of all agreements signed with the UN and between Polisario Front and Morocco.
Letter to UN secretary General published by Sahara Press Service:
“H.E. Mr António Guterres
Secretary-General of the United Nations
United Nations, New York
Bir Lehlou, 15 January 2020
The Frente POLISARIO noted, with surprise and dissatisfaction, the statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on Western Sahara dated 11 January 2020 and the statement given by the Spokesman for the Secretary-General during his daily press briefing on 13 January 2020 regarding the unlawful passing of the so-called “Africa Eco Race” through occupied Western Sahara.
Bir Lehlou (Saharawi Republic) 30 December 2019 (SPS)– The President of the Saharawi Republic and Secretary General of Polisario Front, Mr. Brahim Ghali, addressed a letter on the 28th of December to the Secretary General of the UN, Mr. António Guterres, stressing that the UN needs to do more to restore the confidence of our people in the UN peace process in Western Sahara.
He indicated in the letter, which will be distributed to members of the UN Security Council, that there are various specific measures the UN needs to implement to restore the lost confidence of the people of Western Sahara in the process.
On the other hand, Brahim Ghali affirmed that while Polisario “reiterates continued commitment to a peaceful solution to the conflict, it can never be a partner in any process that does not fully respect and provide for the exercise by the people of Western Sahara of their inalienable right to self-determination and independence in accordance with General Assembly and Security Council relevant resolutions.”
New York, 14 December 2019 (SPS) – The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on approved a new resolution affirming its responsibilities towards the Sahrawi people and its inalienable right to self-determination.
The United Nations General Assembly, as responsible for decolonization issues, renews the position of the international community that does not recognize Morocco’s sovereignty over Western Sahara at a time when France is trying from within the Security Council to change the legal nature of the Sahrawi issue to prevent the Sahrawi people from their independence and sovereignty over their ancestral lands in clear conspiracy with the Moroccan occupier.
The unanimous vote by the UN General Assembly, which includes 193 countries, reflects the international community’s adherence to legitimacy in the issue of Western Sahara, on which this resolution was adopted today as an issue of decolonization.
It should be noted that the Fourth Committee approved this resolution in October, under the theme “Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.”
PUSL.- The Security Council vote that took place today adopted resolution 2494 renewing the mandate of MINURSO (Referendum Mission in Western Sahara).
Both Russia and South Africa abstained. Russia is a permanent member of the Security Council and is the second time to abstain from adopting a referent resolution of Western Sahara.
France another permanent member and traditional defender of Morocco’s position has been pushing for MINURSO’s mandate to be extended a year instead of the 6 months of the last vote in April this year.
The status quo remains, and MINURSO’s mandate will not include any mechanism to protect the Saharawi population under Moroccan occupation and victim of extreme human rights violations.
PUSL.- Hmad Hamad (Saharawi activist and vice-president of CODAPSO -Committee for the Defense of the Right to Self-determination of the People of Western Sahara
The United Nations, namely MINURSO (United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara) has been in Western Sahara since 1991, the year of the signing of the cease-fire between the Polisario Front and Morocco. The cease-fire was based on a referendum that allowed our people to freely choose their destiny and achieve self-determination. After 28 years, we continue without a referendum and now under almost 44 years of occupation by Morocco.
MINURSO and the Security Council were not able to comply with what was determined at the United Nations and spent decades postponing the implementation of resolutions that would lead to the end of a 4-decade occupation.
PUSL / Jornal Tornado .- Horst Köhler, who was the president of Germany for six years, left his post as UN-SG personal envoy to the territory of Western Sahara. His departure for health reasons leaves the conflict to settle, a decades-long dispute in limbo.
The former German president announced he would step down on Wednesday, two years after assuming the role of personal envoy to the UN Secretary-General for Western Sahara.
Mr Koehler, 76, informed the UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, in a telephone call, the UN statement said.
Former President Köhler spearheaded UN efforts to end the long-standing impasse between Morocco and the Polisario Front. Read more
PUSL.- At today’s meeting of the Security Council (SC) on Western Sahara, the extension of the mandate of MINURSO (United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara) was adopted with 13 votes in favour and two abstentions (Russian Federation and South Africa) for six months.
All members of the SC support the efforts of the UN Secretary-General’s personal envoy, Mr. Horst Koehler, and the performance of MINURSO and Colin Stewart.
The approved text was written by the United States, which was disappointed with the two abstentions and emphasized the need to accelerate the process to reach a mutually acceptable and realistic solution that results in the self-determination of the Saharawi people.
France, Morocco’s historical ally said that a realistic political process is needed and that Morocco’s proposed autonomy plan is a credible solution. They voted in favour, but they prefer a one-year rather than six-month mandate, arguing that they are more stable mandates. Read more